Caulfeild Family

William 1st Viscount Charlemont by Lely

William CaulfeildAge: 47 years16241671

Name
William Caulfeild
Name suffix
1st Viscount Charlemont
Name prefix
Col.the Rt-Hon.
Birth 1624 36 24
Birth of a sisterMary Caulfeild
about 1625 (Age 12 months)

Birth of a brotherGeorge Caulfeild
about 1629 (Age 5 years)

Birth of a brotherThomas Caulfeild
1631 (Age 7 years)

Birth of a brotherJohn Caulfeild
about 1632 (Age 8 years)

Birth of a sisterMargaret Caulfeild
about 1633 (Age 9 years)

Death of a maternal grandfatherJohn King
4 January AD 1636/37 (14 January 1637) (Age 13 years)

Death of a fatherWilliam Caulfeild
4 December 1640 (Age 16 years)
Death of a brotherToby Caulfeild
1 March AD 1641/42 (11 March 1642) (Age 18 years)
Death of a brotherRobert Caulfeild
1 January AD 1643/44 (11 January 1644) (Age 20 years)

MarriageSarah MooreView this family
1653 (Age 29 years)

Birth of a son
#1
Charles Henry Caulfeild
1654 (Age 30 years)
Death of a sonCharles Henry Caulfeild
about 1654 (Age 30 years)
Birth of a son
#2
William Caulfeild
about 1655 (Age 31 years)
Birth of a son
#3
Toby Caulfeild
about 1656 (Age 32 years)
Death of a brotherGeorge Caulfeild
June 1658 (Age 34 years)
Birth of a daughter
#4
Mary Caulfeild
about 1659 (Age 35 years)
Birth of a son
#5
John Caulfeild
1661 (Age 37 years)

Birth of a daughter
#6
Alice Caulfeild
about 1661 (Age 37 years)
Birth of a daughter
#7
Elizabeth Caulfeild
about 1662 (Age 38 years)
Death of a motherMary King
July 1663 (Age 39 years)

Death of a sisterMary Caulfeild
24 January 1668 (Age 44 years)

Burial of a sisterMary Caulfeild
25 January 1668 (Age 44 years)
Death April 1671 (Age 47 years)

Burial 25 May 1671 (54 days after death)
Reference numberSarah MooreView this family
yes

Family with parents - View this family
father
mother
Marriage: about 1620
22 months
elder brother
Toby Caulfeild 3rd Baron CharlemontToby Caulfeild
Birth: October 1621 34 21Dublin
Death: 1 March AD 1641/42 (11 March 1642)Castle of Kinard, Co Tyrone
15 months
elder brother
2 years
elder sister
2 years
himself
2 years
younger sister
5 years
younger brother
3 years
younger brother
2 years
younger brother
2 years
younger sister
Family with Sarah Moore - View this family
himself
wife
Marriage: 1653
2 years
son
2 years
son
2 years
son
4 years
daughter
3 years
son
1 year
daughter
2 years
daughter

Shared note

Called "William the Good", he was a great Cromwellian and a favourite of The Protector. Educated at Henley School by Richard Facie, where in June 1642 the Crown made a special payment for his continued education following the murder of his elder brother and imprisonment of his mother in Ireland. captured at the Battle of Newbury in 1644. In 1645 a Captain in Sir Robert Pye’s Regiment. In 1645 and 1646 a Captain in the New Model Army in Col Richard Graves' regiment of horse, under the command of Sir Thomas Fairfax. In 1649, the year of the trial and execution of King Charles 1st and the formation of the Protectorate, he was captured by the royalist Sir Charles Barry as he and all his troop were deserting from Inchiquin's army to join Cromwell at Cork. He was sent as a prisoner to Clonmel, where he was kept for three months before being exchanged for the Duke of Ormond’s brother and joining Cromwell. In 1650 he was in Sir Charles Coote's regiment at the assault on Fort Charlemont under Venables. He determined to avenge his elder brother Toby, 3rd Baron Charlemont, whom Sir Phelim O’Neill had brutally murdered in 1642. He pursued him and in 1653 eventually apprehended him and sent him for trial in Dublin where he was executed in March that year. Governor of Fort Charlemont from 1655. A member and signatory of the council of officers who defied Edmund Ludlow’s attempts to impose parliamentarianism upon Ireland in 1659. Elected MP for Lifford, co Donegal, in the 1660 Convention of Ireland, which sat in February, March and May 1660 and January 1661 before being disbanded by King Charles 2nd in that month. The Restoration of 1660 saw further tactful changes in allegiance, and between 1660 and 1665 he is recorded as having fulfilled several high and confidential stations to the monarch, and was called to the Privy Council. In 1661 he was nominated as one of the Lords to prepare a declaration requiring conformity to episcopacy. On 20 March 1661 he was declared Constable and Governor of Fort Charlemont for life, was captain of a troop of horse, and from then until his death was Custos Rotulorum for Counties Armagh and Tyrone. On 13 April 1664, for reasons that are unclear, he sold Fort Charlemont and its lands to the crown for £3500, and built for his occupation a 'jointure' house in Castlecaulfield village adjoining the church. The Fort was subsequently repaired by the new Governor, Sir Matthew Appleyard. On 8 October 1665 he was created Viscount Charlemont by the Kings patent in return for services to the monarch since the Restoration. He took his seat in the House of Lords on 16 November that year. In 1670 he invited the Catholic Primate Archbishop Oliver Plunkett to preach in the courtyard of Castle Caulfeild, and granted leave for the administration of Confirmation.

On a list of Burgesses of the Colony of Virginia for 1659-1660 there appears a Major William Cawfield. It is possible that this is he.

Media objectWilliam 1st Viscount Charlemont by LelyWilliam 1st Viscount Charlemont by Lely
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,081 × 1,300 pixels
File size: 361 KB
Highlighted image: yes
Media objectWilliam 1st Viscount Charlemont by LelyWilliam 1st Viscount Charlemont by Lely
Format: image/jpeg
Image dimensions: 1,081 × 1,300 pixels
File size: 361 KB
Highlighted image: yes