George Caulfeild, 15451603 (aged 58 years)

Name
George /Caulfeild/
Name prefix
Dr.
Birth
about 1545 25
Alias
of Oxford
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Birth of a brother
Baptism of a brother
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Birth of a brother
Baptism of a brother
Death of a brother
Burial of a brother
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Birth of a brother
Baptism of a brother
Birth of a brother
Baptism of a brother
Birth of a brother
Baptism of a brother
Birth of a sister
Baptism of a sister
Marriage
Martha TavernerView this family
about 1576 (aged 31 years)
Birth of a daughter
Baptism of a daughter
Birth of a son
Baptism of a son
Birth of a son
Baptism of a son
Birth of a daughter
Alice Caulfeild
about 1580 (aged 35 years)
Death of a father
Burial of a father
Birth of a daughter
Baptism of a daughter
Birth of a son
Baptism of a son
Reference number
FAM:_UID
Martha TavernerView this family
A8FB0EC7F1CE4E33B1F522D90539BD9AEE28
Marriage of a parent
Birth of a daughter
Baptism of a daughter
Birth of a son
Baptism of a son
Birth of a son
Baptism of a son
Birth of a daughter
Baptism of a daughter
Birth of a daughter
Baptism of a daughter
Death of a mother
Burial of a mother
Death
Burial
Family with parents
father
15201581
Birth: about 1520 23 21Shropshire
Death: March 31, 1581Coedigo, Oswestry, Shropshire
mother
1591
Death: December 1591Coedigo, Oswestry, Shropshire
Marriage Marriageabout 1544
2 years
himself
15451603
Birth: about 1545 25Shropshire
Death: October 1603Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford, England
9 years
younger sister
1553
Birth: 1553 331A Soper Lane, St.Pancras, London
2 years
younger sister
1554
Birth: 1554 341A Soper Lane, St.Pancras, London
3 years
younger brother
1556
Birth: 1556 361A Soper Lane, St.Pancras, London
2 years
younger sister
1557
Birth: 1557 371A Soper Lane, St.Pancras, London
2 years
younger sister
15581625
Birth: 1558 381A Soper Lane, St.Pancras, London
Death: August 1625Winchester, Hampshire
4 years
younger brother
15611561
Birth: 1561 41Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
Death: 1561Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
3 years
younger sister
1563
Birth: 1563 43Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
2 years
younger brother
1564
Birth: 1564 44Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
2 years
younger brother
Capt. Sir Toby Caulfeild 1st Baron Charlemont
15651627
Birth: December 1565 45Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
Death: August 17, 1627Hoggen Green, Dublin
2 years
younger brother
15671610
Birth: 1567 47Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
Death: 1610
2 years
younger sister
1568
Birth: 1568 48Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
Mother’s family with Thomas Staunton
stepfather
mother
1591
Death: December 1591Coedigo, Oswestry, Shropshire
Marriage MarriageMay 27, 1584Oswestry, Shropshire
Family with Martha Taverner
himself
15451603
Birth: about 1545 25Shropshire
Death: October 1603Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford, England
wife
Marriage Marriageabout 1576
23 months
daughter
1577
Birth: November 1577 32 21Great Milton Manor, Oxfordshire
2 years
son
15791610
Birth: November 1579 34 23Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
Death: 1610
1 year
son
1580
Birth: October 1580 35 24Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
3 months
daughter
1580
Birth: about 1580 35 24
3 years
daughter
1582
Birth: September 1582 37 26Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
19 months
son
15841610
Birth: March 1584 39 28Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
Death: 1610
15 months
daughter
15851654/55 CE
Birth: May 1585 40 29Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
Death: February 3, 1654/55 CEOswestry, Shropshire
18 months
son
1586
Birth: October 1586 41 30Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
13 months
son
15871640
Birth: October 1587 42 31Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
Death: December 4, 1640Charlemont, Co Armagh
17 months
daughter
1588/89 CE
Birth: January 1588/89 CE 44 33Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
16 months
daughter
1590
Birth: April 1590 45 34Perilous Hall, Horsmonger Street, Oxford
son
1614/15 CE
Death: January 1614/15 CE
Shared note

Born, it is supposed, in Shropshire before the family moved to London than Great Milton. First recorded as being at Christ Church, Oxford, in 1561, possibly arranged through his uncle James there, who was his tutor. A law student there in 1564, he obtained BA on 25 June 1567. Lecturer in dialectic 1567 to 1580. Called to Gray's Inn in 1568; a Barrister there in 1581, appointed Autumn Reader in 1597 and a Bencher on 15 November 1598. MP for Chipping Wycombe 1584-5. One of two MPs for Oxford in five succesive Parliaments of Elizabeth 1st; 1586-7 (with Francis Knolles), 1588-9 (with the now Sir Francis Knolles), 1593 (with Sir Edmund Carye), 1597-8 (with Anthony Bacon), and 1601 (with Francis Leigh). In September 1586 he was elected a second Burgess for Oxford. From that date he "gained no little sum" by acting as the representative of the City when Oxford had business at the Law Courts in London. A member of Oxford Mayor's Council 1591-1603 and Recorder there 1596-9, he was a Freeman of Oxford and also Justice of the Peace there. He was also a Judge of Assize for Wales. We have no date for his marriage to Martha Taverner, of the village of Woodeaton north of Oxford, but we do know that her sister Penelope Petty "died of grief" during imprisonment at Charlemont Fort in 1641/42, during the time of the O'Neill's recapture of the Fort. From about 1578 his residence appears to have been Perilous Hall in Horsmonger Street, now Broad Street, Oxford. The derivation of this name being the fact that it had been built by Richard D'Angerfield. This was demolished in 1615 and replaced by Kettell Hall, now part of Trinity College. He died intestate, administration of his estate being granted to his son and heir Alexander on 5 May 1604.

The definition of a Recorder, copied from the online version of the Oxford English Dictionary: "Formerly, a certain magistrate or judge having criminal and civil jurisdiction in a city or borough. Now, in England and Wales, a barrister or solicitor appointed as a part-time judge presiding esp. over certain Crown Courts (see quot. 1971). The Recorder was originally a person with legal knowledge appointed by the mayor and aldermen to 'record' or keep in mind the proceedings of their courts and the customs of the city, his oral statement of these being taken as the highest evidence of fact. (See Riley Munimenta Gildhallae I. 42-3.) The Recorder of London, to whom most of the early evidence refers, is still appointed by the court of aldermen; elsewhere the appointment is made by the crown, the duties of the office being regulated by the Municipal Corporations Act of 5 and 6 William IV and subsequent enactments."

From the Victoria County History of Oxford, Vol 4: "It seems that from the 1580s onwards the city relied increasingly on another barrister, George Calfield, who was the town's M.P. from 1586 and was made a member of the inner council. From Calfield's time it became the custom for the recordership to be linked to the city's representation in parliament."